There are 3 known terms to differentiate tall building heights: Tall buildings, which measure between 200m and 300m in height, then there are Supertall buildings, which measure between 300m and 600m, and lastly, there are Megatall buildings which measure anything above 600m. The number of Tall buildings around the world will double in the next 10 years, and the number of Megatall infrastructures will boost from 2 until 10 by the year 2020.
Skyscraper construction is booming, with architects and engineers taking structures and edifices to new heights, literally. Here is a list of the tallest buildings to be completed by the end of the new year.
#10 ADNOC Headquarters – Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Height: 342 meters (1,122 feet)
#9 Forum 66 Tower 2 – Shenyang, China
Height: 351 meters (1,150 feet)
Global ranking upon completion: 56th tallest
Interesting fact: When fully complete, the 9.3 million-square-foot, multi-building complex will include a mall, hotel, office space, residential units and a subway. Tower 2, the office portion of the project, will be the tallest building in Shenyang.
#8 OKO Tower – Moscow, Russia
Height: 352 meters (1,155 feet)
Interesting fact: The tower is part of Moscow’s thriving International Business Center, a mixed-use district centrally located within the Russian metropolis and loosely based on London’s Canary Wharf and Paris’s La Défense. It was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, the same architecture firm behind One World Trade Center in New York City and the Burj Khalifa in Dubai.
#7 Vostok Tower – Moscow, Russia
Height: 373 meters (1,224 feet)
Interesting fact: Like OKO, the Vostok Tower is also part of Moscow’s fast-growing business district. Once the building is topped off, it will be the tallest in Europe.
#6 Eton Place Dalian Tower 1 – Dalian, China
Height: 383 meters (1,257 feet)
Interesting fact: Eton Place Dalian Tower 1 is one of five skyscrapers in the Eton Place Dalian development, which also includes a 62-story building and four 42-story towers.
#5 Capital Market Authority Tower – Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Height: 385 meters (1,263 feet)
Interesting fact: The tower’s external layer of fins, gantries and perforated panels are there to shade the building from the unrelenting desert sun.
#4 432 Park Avenue – New York City, U.S.A.
Height: 426 meters (1,397 feet)
Interesting fact: As it has already been topped off, 432 Park Avenue is the tallest building in the the Western Hemisphere. The building’s most expensive unit on the market, Penthouse 94, is a full-floor, 8,255-square-foot six-bedroom with a $82.5 million price tag.
#3 Marina 101 – Dubai, U.A.E.
Height: 426 meters (1,399 feet)
Interesting fact: Construction on Marina 101, Dubai’s second tallest tower, originally began in 2006 but was stalled due to the global financial crisis. The project will finally be completed in the early part of 2015.
#2 Wuhan Center – Wuhan, China
Height: 438 meters (1,437 feet)
Interesting fact: The tower’s aerodynamic shape was designed to reduce wind resistance and the vortex action that builds up around super-tall towers.
#1 Shanghai Tower – Shanghai, China
Height: 632 meters (2,073 feet)
Interesting fact: The topped off construction site is a favourite target of so-called “roof toppers,” daredevils who scale tall buildings without safety equipment for fun.